For many people, equality means nothing more than equal participation in educational and educational systems, for example. While the managing diversity approach focuses more on business efficiency, the equal opportunities approach concentrates on equal treatment of employees in a bureaucratic sense. The main idea for equal opportunities regarding working environment is that individuals should not be discriminated, while the decisions in the institutions should not be founded upon individual characteristics.

Continue reading. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Consequently, this teenager is not able to take advantage of equal opportunity to have well-paid job because lack of education is projected on career. All Rights Reserved. However, managing diversity approach does not recognise groups overtly, but talks predominantly about individuals. Due to the social stratification and the segmentation of the nation into different groups, the concept of equality is present on the paper only. Study for free with our range of university lectures!

In Florida laws have been put in place prohibiting gay and lesbian couples from adopting children. From the standpoint of democracy, all people have equal rights as well.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Nevertheless, until today no significant progress has been achieved to guarantee equal opportunities. However, the idea of equality within American society is an ideal which has not been achieved yet. This is due to the fact that equal opportunities approach is more legally binding, taking less notice of work environment efficiency comparatively. On the other hand, organisations that have adopted only equal opportunities approach might not be covering the requirements of the managing diversity approach.

There have been considerable positive developments against discrimination of employees recently through legislation, while initiatives for equality and affirmative action programs were developed as well (Zafree, 2010). The human character has less value than social and physical attributes. In 1986 the lesbian and gay rights project was put in place, and began working with several other affiliates across the United States.

Laws and bills can be passed, but how an individual feels, views and acts towards another person is something that cannot be changed. Controlling and helping co-existence of these differences help creating a more productive workplace environment, where everybody would feel valued and their skills fully utilised, finally leading to achievement of organisational goals (Kandola and Fullerton, 1998, p. 8). Get Your Custom Essay on Equal Opportunities Approaches & Managing Diversity just from $13,9 / page. Reference this. get custom paper. 1st Jan 1970 Education Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student.

In today's America an equal oppo Web. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. In conclusion, the American nation prides itself for its principle of equality, freedoms and rights for all.

However, it should be recognized that the American society does not function as the nation of equals as discrimination, stereotyping, and prejudices are still widespread.

America is the nation of immigrants.

I believe that the due process model (which puts emphasis on an individuals rights) is essential and should constantly be our primary focus of this criminal justice system, although under. Therefore, equality means equal access to systems and equal opportunities for all people. In other words, equal opportunities approach assumes that discrimination stems from unequal treatment of individuals. Don’t miss a chance to chat with experts. It should also be added that organisations that adopt only equal opportunities approach are less superior to organisations that adopt managing diversity approach, for the latter approach is more related to and focused on contemporary problems of workforce. In America, when equality of opportunity prevails, the placement of individuals in social status is determined by some form of competitive process on equal standards. It means that the issue of equality has not been properly addressed before. . It focuses on the formal rules that stand in the way of achieving particular goals, such as employment and admission to schools.

Naylor suggests that the members of the “mainstream culture tend to focus on freedom, the rights of the individual, equality, achievement, and mobility” (57). In today's America an equal opportunity is something we can all strive for, but will it ever be reached? There have been several lawsuits against this ban in some of the States. The diversity consists of 'visible' and 'non-visible' differences such as gender, race, disability, etc. Even though the American government grants equal rights and equal protections to all citizens, it would be wrong to state with confidence that the American society is the nation of equals. These projects developed a legal program aiming at making a difference starting with five key areas: discrimination, families and relationships, lesbian and gay teens, laws criminalizing sexual intimacy and expression. However, this view is expressed in support of the economic success rather than social equality. Many initiatives have been introduced to tackle the problem of discrimination with the hope to integrate equality into American society. The American children are taught at schools that “the United States of America was founded with the idea that all people are considered equal” (Jeynes and Martinez 195).

Even though slavery has been prohibited, members of minority groups do not have equal access to political, economic, and social systems. One group is still uniquely disadvantaged: black men.

In addition, promotion of diversity by the managing diversity approach is another superior point, compared to the equal opportunities approach that aims at assimilation of diversities, which is not a promising concept for employees not belonging to mainstream social strata from ethnical, religious, social or cultural points of views.

In particular, the idea of the inclusive classrooms emerged only several years ago, when the educators realized that their classrooms were composed of diverse students with different needs.
From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. In American history millions of people left their homelands for a chance to start a new life in a country filled with opportunities. The Constitution of the United States guarantee equal protection of all citizens and prohibits discrimination based on gender, age, physical characteristics, or any other factors which make one person different to the others.

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MegaEssays, "Argument: America, a land of equal opportunity.,", (accessed November 03, 2020). On the other hand, managing diversity approach leans on universal initiatives focusing on the development of all individuals in theory. Is it reality or is it simply an idea, or a myth? Nevertheless, there are some differences -rather than similarities- between the two schools of thought. The American society is viewed by the global community as the nation of freedom, as the country in which any person is able to experience the greatest degree of equality. . the land of equal opportunity, freedom to vote, to speak, and worship. ... Continue reading this essay However, when something is an obligation, it is not easy to assume or assimilate it as a useful feature for organisations. Unfortunately, the equality in American nation exists mostly theoretically rather than practically. Nevertheless, it was not enough to ensure equality on the paper; it was necessary to integrate the concept of equality into social relations.
The equal opportunities approach can be said to be a liberal school of thought usually supported by legally binding regulations, which influences actions and behaviours at workplace through legislation with formalised procedures and policies. For example, a teenager born to immigrant parents may not have equal opportunity to attend college compared to other students only because his parents are not able to afford education.

In Florida, one case consisted of 2 men adopting children who are now between the ages of five and 14. Indeed, equality does not mean that all people have equal talents and are able to achieve outstanding success. All work is written to order. There are several stereotypical characteristics in organizations that can lead to discrimination (Bekyan, 2010). People are judged by their market value, as Americans are taught to respect the wealthy and despise the poor.

Through policies applied through equal opportunities approach, employees and potential employees are able to exist and compete on equal terms with respect to race, gender, disability, religion etc. Is America Truly The Land Of Opportunity Education Essay., (December 31, 1969).

Even today, many people are strongly convinced that the Whites are superior to African Americans in their intellectual abilities while African Americans are superior to Whites in terms of physical development and athletic skills. The reason to seek membership in dominant culture is rather obvious – for many centuries, the dominating groups have been enjoying more rights and freedoms. So, given the two approaches, the managing diversity approach is more prone to be perceived as an efficient and effective methodology to enhance workforce satisfaction, which will affect productivity positively as a result. Nevertheless, the reality is that equality remains nothing more than a concept addressed by the American Constitution. The main idea behind equal opportunities approach is promoting rights of all members in the society (Torrington, Hall and Taylor, 2008, p. 576) regardless of their social, cultural, religious or ethnical backgrounds. Today's society is riddled with inequalities. As more and more diverse people arrived to the United States, it was necessary to bring in the issue of equality into political framework. Kandola and Fullerton (1998) have shown that within workforce there are different types of individuals with different characteristics through managing diversity approach. Managing diversity approach can be thought as a more sophisticated approach compared to the equal opportunities approach. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. From this point of view, equal opportunities approach is not directly interested in affecting employee satisfaction or product efficiency of an organisation. Equal opportunities approach looks for abolition of the discrimination as well as for protection for weak groups subject to discrimination. At the same time, many people believe that equality is the defining feature of the American society, as any person from any part of the world is able to become successful in this country. Today, the situation is not much different to the time when African Americans were slaves, for example. While equal opportunities approach aims at forcing organisations to exert policies against discrimination, organisations that apply managing diversity approach are aware that they can get further benefits by extending the conditions required by equal opportunities approach, and increasing both employee satisfaction and product efficiency of the organisation. This can be a bit problematic, for ignoring individuality can lead some other problems within an organisation., Evaluate the Organization’s Involvement and Responsibility. Organisations that have adopted managing diversity approach do usually cover and adopt requirements of the equal opportunities approach. .

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